The Six Pillars of Faith >> The Collection and Compilation of the Quran

Each and every word of the Qur’an was recorded as soon as it was revealed by Allah to the Prophet through angel Jibra’il. The Prophet’s Secretary, Zaid Bin Thabit, used to record them exactly as the Prophet told him. He would read back to the Prophet what he had recorded.
Many of early Muslims memorized the Qur’an immediately the verses were revealed. Some of the famous Huffaz (Plural: persons who memorized the Qur’an (singular: Hafiz) were: Mu’adh Ibn Jabal, Ubadah Ibn As-Samit, Abud Darda’, Abu Ayyub and ‘Ubayy Ibn Ka’b (may Allah be pleased with them). Shortly after the death of the Prophet in 632 CE, ‘Umar (RA) suggested to Khalifah Abu bakr (RA) that the Qur’an be compiled in one volume. Up until then, the Qur’an was writing down in sections, in the order they were revealed. A committee was formed under Zaid Bin Thabit together the scattered material of the Qur’an into one volume.
Great care was taken to compile the Qur’an exactly as it had been recorded during the time of the Prophet (pbuh). After careful checking and rechecking the work was completed. During the Khalifah of ‘Umar (RA), the copy was kept with Hafsah (RA), one of the widows of the Prophet (Pbuh).
Later, many schools were established for the teaching of Qur’an throughout the Muslim territories. During ‘Umar’s (RA) time, one such school in Damascus had sixteen hundred pupils under Abud Darda’ (RA), one of the famous Huffaz.
As the Islamic State expanded, people in various places recited the Qur’an in their local dialect and there arose the possibility of confusion and misunderstanding. To avoid this, Khalifah Uthman (RA) ordered the preparation of one standard version of the Qur’an to be written in the dialect of the tribe of the Quraish. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), ‘Abdullah Ibn Az-Zubair (RA), Sa’id Ibnul ‘As and ‘Abdur Rahman Bin Al-Harith (RA) were asked to prepare copies from the copy of Hafsah (RA).
Copies were prepared and they were checked with the original. Stendard copies were then sent to different parts of the Islamic State. Not only were the copies sent, but also a teacher to teach how to recite the Qur’an properly and correctly.
This far-sighted action by Khalifah Uthman (RA) made the uniform recitation of the Qur’an possible. Two original copies from Khalifah Uthman’s (RA) time still exist today – one in the Topkapi Museum in Istanbul (Turkey) and the other in Tashkent (USSR). The National Libarry of Karachi, Paskistan, has a photocopy of the Tashkent original.
The first verses are:
“Iqra’ bi-ismi rabbikal ladhi khalaq,
Khalaqal insane Min alaq
Iqra’ wa rabbukal akram
Allahi allama bil qalam
Allamal insane ma lam ya’lam”
“Read in the name of your Lord who created.
Read, your Lord is most Generous.
Who taught by the pen.
Taught man what he did not know.” (96: 1-5)
The qur’an revealed over a period of 22years 5 months and 14 days.
The longest chapter (surah) of the Qur’an is Suratul Baqrah (the Cow) with 286 verses and the shortest chapter is Suratul Kawthar (Abundance) which has three verses.
The last verses of the Qur’an was revealed shortly before the Prophet’s (pbuh) death:
Al-yawma akmaltu lakum dinakum wa atmamtu alaikum ni’mati wa raditu lakumul islama dinan.” “This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed my favour upon you and have chosen for you Islam as your way of life.” (5: 3)


Added: Dec-29-2015
Editor: user2
Views: 571
Category: The Six Pillars of Faith
Title: The Collection and Compilation of the Quran
Author: article_author1
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